Entries by vojtech.zika

Professional Identity and Dishonest Behavior

This essay discusses the fraud triangle, or how factors such as opportunity to cheat, motivation to cheat or ability to rationalize or justify dishonest behavior lead to dishonesty. The fraud triangle is applied on behavior of professionals active in fields such as medicine, education, research and science or clergy. Evidence shows that even in these […]

Puppet Master: Possible Influence of the Parasite Toxoplasma gondii on Managers and Employees

The article reviews recent literature on the effects of host manipulation by the parasiteToxoplasma gondii (prevalent in about a third of the world’s population) on perception, cognition, and behavior of humans, and on the changes in their physical appearance and personality characteristics. I argue that the mind-affecting parasite paradigm offers many research opportunities for management […]

Economics of sex: Cost benefit analysis

The article presents an application of the cost-benefit analysis to human sexual behavior. We suggest that an event or occasion which lowers the costs of sex – such as increasing free time, decreasing health risks of sexually transmitted diseases or lowering the probability of parenthood (or costs connected with parenthood) – usually leads to an […]

Behavioural economics of organization: Employees and managers

This short perspective article presents an overview of empirical evidence on the behavioural organizational economics on the basis of the extended standard model of worker’s behaviour. The advancements of behavioural economics theories, new detailed and structured data on actions of economic actors, and increasingly used fi elds experiments provide a strong basis for the creation […]

Ultrasociality: When institutions make a difference

Ultrasociality refers to the social organization of a few species, including humans and some social insects, having a complex division of labor, city-states, and an almost exclusive dependence on agriculture for subsistence. We argue that the driving forces in the evolution of these ultrasocial societies were economic. With the agricultural transition, species could directly produce their own […]

X good things in life: Processing fluency effects in the „Three good things in life“ exercise

The present study examined whether difficulty of recollection may influence the effectiveness of the “Three good things in life” exercise that has previously been shown to increase happiness. Participants were randomly assigned to write 1–10 good things that happened to them during the day in the course of two weeks. We measured life satisfaction, positive […]

Where is my money? New findings in fiscal psychology

The essay outlines selected psychological attitudes towards taxes. We argue that the application of behavioural economics methodology to taxation is more than justified because, in their decision-making, taxpayers seem to be influenced by the perception of taxes rather than solely by their existence. We also discuss several real life examples of how tax salience affects […]