Justine effect: Punishment of the unduly self-sacrificing cooperative individuals

Allowing players to punish their opponents in Public Goods Game sustains cooperation within a group and thus brings advantage to the cooperative individuals. However, the possibility of punishment of the co-players can result in antisocial punishment, the punishment of those players who contribute the most in the group. To better understand why antisocial punishment exists, it must be determined who are the anti-social punishers and who are their primary targets.

Citation: Kuběna, A.A., Houdek, P., Lindová, J., Příplatová, L., & Flegr, J. (2014). Justine effect: Punishment of the unduly self-sacrificing cooperative individuals. PLoS ONE, 9(3), e92336. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092336

Physicians looking in the mirror: How we may influence the end-of-life decisions of surrogates

Source: http://houdekpetr.cz/!data/papers/Rusinova_Houdek_2013.pdf

Citation: Rusinova, K., & Houdek, P. (2013). Physicians looking in the mirror: How we may influence the end-of-life decisions of surrogates. Critical Care Medicine, 41(7), 1814-1815. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3182913395

Time Preferences in the Perspective of Cognitive Neurosciences

An application of findings of cognitive science and neuroscience revealing function of brain processes can already introduce analytical tools for estimating human behavior in real environment. This paper reviews research of neural correlates of intertemporal decision making. The results show that intertemporal decision-making is not an integral phenomena as implied by the exponential discounting model, however it employs several distinct neural systems in the brain (e.g. the data shows the structural relevance of hyperbolic utility discounting) and causes that intertemporal decision-making focused on long term objectives is quantitatively different, as was also observed on impulsive preference reversals and lack of will-power phenomena. At the same time research in neuroeconomics shows the importance of subjective time-delays analysis in comparison with simple discounting of expected utility and points out that models integrating feelings of expectation i.e. anticipation (enjoyment, fear), which significantly impact the present utility magnitude, are correct. Nevertheless author admits that utilization of neuroeconomics is only potential for, to date, the research has not been able to answer economic questions in a better way than current purely economic research.

Citation: Houdek, P. (2008). Time Preferences in the Perspective of Cognitive Neurosciences. E-Logos, Electronic Journal for Philosophy, 15(2008), ISSN 1211-0442. [in Czech as Časové preference z pohledu kognitivní neurovědy

 

General introduction to behavioral law and economics

Citation: Houdek, P., & Koblovský, P. (2007). General introduction to behavioral law and economics. Acta Oeconomica Pragensia, 4(15), 137-145.